Catalytic nanoparticles

B3

Beyond biorecovery: environmental win-win by biorefining of metallic wastes into new functional materials

University of Birmingham, University of Bangor, Camborne School of Mines and Exeter University

This project develops the concept of a biorefinery that takes primary and secondary wastes and uses biological and dielectric treatments to yield several classes of “proved in principle” and more speculative functional nanomaterials. It will produce concentrated bulk minerals (base metal sulfides, rare earth and uranium phosphates) as enriched materials into commercial refineries and also catalytically active nanoparticles of precious metals biorecovered from wastes. This will conserve resources and reduce the environmental impact of refining. Biorefining will achieve “one pot conversion” into new value-added products, while also utilizing some unrelated wastes as feedstocks for new energy materials. 3-4 case histories will also be subjected to life cycle analysis within identified supply chains.

Publications

  • Gomez-Bolivar J, Merroun ML, Mikheeko IP, Macaskie LE Characterization of palladium nanoparticles produced by microwave-injured bacteria with enhanced catalytic activity Proc 19th Int Microscopy Congress 9-14 Sept 2018, Sydney, Australia. Open Access Abstract.
  • Omajali et al. (2018). Probing the viability of palladium-challenged bacterial cells using flow cytometry. J Chem Technol Biotechnol. In press. doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5775
  • Murray et al. (2018). Biorefining of platinum group metals from model waste solutions into catalytically active bimetallic nanoparticles. Microbial Biotechnology. 11(2): 359–368. doi:10.1111/1751-7915.13030, Open Access.
  • Kunwar et al. (2017). Nanoparticles of Pd supported on bacterial biomass for hydroprocessing crude bio-oil.  Fuel. 209, 449-456. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2017.08.007, Open Access.
  • Murray et al, 2017. A novel biorefinery: biorecovery of precious metals from spent automotive catalyst leachates into new catalysts effective in metal reduction and in the hydrogenation of 2-pentyne. Minerals Engineering. 113, 102-108. doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2017.08.011; Open Access abstract.
  • Macaskie et al. (2017). Metallic bionanocatalysts: potential applications as green catalysts and energy materials. Microbial Biotechnology. 10, (5), 1171–1180. doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12801, Open Access.
  • Stephen et al. (2017). Advances and bottlenecks in microbial hydrogen production. Microbial Biotechnology. 10, (5), 1120–1127.  doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12790, Open Access.
  • Macaskie et al. (2017). Biotechnology Processes for Scalable, Selective Rare Earth Element Recovery. Rare Earth Element, Dr. Jose Edgar Alfonso Orjuela (Ed.), ISBN 978-953-51-3402-2, Print ISBN 978-953-51-3401-5. InTech, doi:10.5772/intechopen.68429, Open Access.
  • Falagan et al. (2017). New approaches for extracting and recovering metals from mine tailings. Minerals Engineering. 106, 71-78. doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2016.10.008, Open Access.
  • Omajali et al. (2017). In situ catalytic upgrading of heavy oils using dispersed bio-nanoparticles supported on Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 203, 807-819. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.10.074, Open Access.
  • Murray et al. (2017). Biosynthesis of zinc sulphide quantum dots using waste off-gas from a metal bioremediation process. RSC Adv. 7, 21484-21491. doi:10.1039/C6RA17236A, Open Access.
  • Falagan & Johnson, 2016. Acidithiobacillus ferriphilus sp. nov.: a facultatively anaerobic iron- and sulphur-metabolising extreme acidophile. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 66: 206-211, doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.000698, Open Access.
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